The population of the Faroe Islands as per January 2010 was 48,574. With a population density of 34,5 per square kilometer, the Faroe Islands have the second highest population density of the Nordic countries after Denmark. The Faroese are of Scandinavian origin, descendants of Vikings who came from Norway.

The Faroese settlement pattern is characterized by a large number of densely populated villages of varying size. There are in all about 100 towns and villages the largest town is the capital, Tórshavn, with 19,919 inhabitants. The second largest is Klaksvík with 4,817 inhabitants, and third is Runavík with 3,832 inhabitants.

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